Concrete finish is a technique that tries to provide a smooth, long-lasting surface.
Duration is important while completing concrete, and you must pay great attention to the development of the concrete.
In this article you’ll learn:
- What is concrete finishing?
- Types of Concrete finish.
- Merits and Demerits of Concrete finish.
- Lots more.
So, if you’re ready to go with Concrete finish, this article is for you.
Let’s dive right in.
Table of Content
- What is concrete finish?
- Types of Concrete Finishes for Patios:
- 1. Troweled Concrete Finish:
- 2. Broom Finish:
- 3. Stamped Concrete Finish:
- 4. Salt Finish:
- 5. Exposed Concrete Finish:
- 6. Swirl Finish:
- 7. Polished Finish:
- 8. Coloured Finish:
- What are the steps to finishing concrete?
- Advantages of Concrete Finish:
- Disadvantages of Concrete Finish:
What is concrete finish?
Concrete finishing is the process of levelling, flattening, compacting, or rather treating the surface of new or freshly put concrete to get the desired appearance.
The most fundamental kind of concrete finish is a smooth surface made with screeds and trowels.
Concrete finishing work screed is applied to the concrete surface soon after it has been set in form.
The process of compacting, equivalent and concrete surface smooth is known as finishing the concrete surface.
The upper surface of the concrete layer can be completed in various ways.
One of the most common and widely utilized finishes is the float and trowel surface.
Improper finishing processes might result in a slab that is fragile, damaged, or unappealing.
Types of Concrete Finishes for Patios:
1. Troweled Concrete Finish:
The most frequent and preferred concrete finish is for most reasons.
The trowel is used to smooth and thin the surface of the concrete after being placed in the formwork and after placing it.
A conventional trowel is a tool with a flat steel blade and a hold that is used to force and squeeze on the concrete surface.
2. Broom Finish:
The broom finish is a run texture finish that is still obtained by running a broom across the trowel surface of the concrete when wet.
Brushed concrete is a type of concrete in which the broom is finished.
The broom is used to strengthen the condensed surface of the concrete bed in this sort of finishing.
3. Stamped Concrete Finish:
The samples required to form the stamped concrete finish are pressed into the newly levelled concrete.
Depending upon completion of construction, this style of concrete finish mimics slate or flagstone, brick, tile, or, more appropriately, wood.
Stamped concrete is a highly innovative and practical concrete innovation widely used for patios, car porches, driveways, and walkways.
4. Salt Finish:
The salt finish is obtained by rolling the coarse crystals on the concrete surface.
By turning them on the newly laid concrete surface and then washing them with a stream of water when the concrete has hardened.
With this coating plain or coloured concrete gets a beautiful, rough micro-texture and skid resistance.
It is mainly used in swimming pools and other humid environments.
5. Exposed Concrete Finish:
The foundation of the exposed structural finish consists of a flat concrete floor surface, evenly distributed aggregate, and as little air space as possible.
The surface of partially healed concrete is polished with a power floater or diamond polisher.
On top of the concrete, the equipment removes a thin layer of concrete that is only a few millimeters thick.
To achieve the desired polished appearance, a fine-grade protective coating is applied.
6. Swirl Finish:
One of the most unusual forms of concrete finishes is the swirl finish.
This gives the concrete surface a visually pleasing appearance which is preferred for exterior applications.
It not only enhances the aesthetics of the surface but also makes it safer to walk and stand than to finish a smooth surface, especially in the wet season.
7. Polished Finish:
The polished finish on the surface of the concrete is achieved through mechanical grinding and polishing.
Using specialized products and machinery to achieve a varied texture with deformable coating chemicals.
8. Coloured Finish:
A coloured finishing on a concrete surface can be achieved using pigment or strain.
To create a stunning aesthetic that suits the surrounding surroundings, mix-added pigments or post-cure stains are used.
Coloured concrete with pigments can be manufactured by putting colors directly into the concrete mix before pouring.
To get stretched-colored concrete, stain the concrete of any age to get a more glossy-colored finish.
What are the steps to finishing concrete?
Level – Although “tamping” is sometimes used to level concrete, the most important thing is to minimize screeding on the surface of the poured cement so that the entire surface has the same height.
Float – A instrument like a bull float is used to compress or condense big bits of cement to get the smooth, “creamy texture” component of the mixture to the level.
Watch out for “bleeding” cement. If this happens, you can use a different type of floating to smooth things out.
Edge – Between the forms and the cement, an edge tool creates equal edges and corners.
Cut – When a considerable amount of concrete is poured, especially outdoors, such as on roads or pavements, control joints are carved.
When the temperature outside the house fluctuates, these connections help to crack. Control joints are usually built within the first 24 hours of cement pouring and are evenly distributed.
Trowel – To provide a faultless finish on the finished product, a trowel is utilized. The broom, on the other hand, can create a different texture.
Also read: Concrete Spalling
Advantages of Concrete Finish:
1. Durability: Well- The constructed concrete finishes work better than other types of finishes.
2. Hardness: Concrete finish has excellent structural properties to withstand heavy weights. When loaded, they do not deviate, thus there are no distortion problems.
3. Maintenance costs: Concrete surfaces are straight for maintenance, reducing maintenance costs dramatically.
4. Energy efficiency: Concrete finishing has a large thermal mass. This enhances the indoor atmosphere while lowering the amount of energy needed to keep the temperature comfortable.
5. Installation time: Concrete finish is easy to install and takes some time.
6. Water resistant: Concrete finishes are water-resistant as they are not absorbent.
Also read: Compaction of Concrete
Disadvantages of Concrete Finish:
- Defects in concrete floors are difficult to repair.
- Patchwork concrete flooring will not be able to restore to its original condition.
- It does not have particularly good sound and heat insulation properties.
Also read: Durability of Concrete
Concrete finishing is a very friendly material that can be used in a variety of ways.
However, as you can see, there are many different finishes to choose from and the one you choose will depend on how good your final product looks.
Therefore, before you start pouring concrete, you must first determine which finish style will work best for you.