Dog Legged Staircase

Dog legged staircase is the most economical staircase in which stairs are arranged with two adjacent flights running parallel with the mid-landing that is usually provided where there is less space or causing in economical use of available space.

In such a staircase, the stair landing is provided to a level at which the direction of flight changes.

Here we will learn dog legged staircase, advantages & disadvantages of Dog legged staircase.

Introduction to Dog legged staircase:

Dog legged staircase is the simplest type of stairs by which a flight of stairs moves one-half step before 180 degrees and persevering upwards.

Due to its appearance in sectional elevation, it is a very common and popular stair consisting of two flights that run in opposite directions separated by a landing in the middle space.

These staircases are used when the available space is equal to twice the width of the stairs and stairs lie in their compact layout that has better circulation from a design point of view.

Components of dog legged staircase:

  • To several floors of the building, the stairs provide access and there are a series of staircases with landings at reasonable intervals.
  • Each step has a tread and a riser and the stairs are made up of individual steps.
  • The riser is the vertical section between each step of the stair and the floor is the flat part on which you step on.
  • Landing is provided according to the level at which the direction of flight changes, it is the most economical ladder.

Requirement for  good stairs:

For an easy, fast, and safe ascent or descent on a dog-legged staircase any efficient stairs must have the following criteria as follows:


It should be located to obtain adequate lighting and ventilation with easy access from all rooms.

Length of Flight:

A flight must not have more than 16 risers and no less than three risers.

Pitch of Stairs:

From 15 ° to 55 °, the stairs are bent and the recommended angle is between 25 ° and 40 °, the long stride should be leveled using the landing.


The width of the landing should be less than the width of the flight of stairs.

Step Proportions:

The rise of each stage on flights and landings between floors should be uniform and any variety can ruin the peace and ensure comfortable access, the climb is provided.

Example of dog legged staircase design:

Designing a dog-legged staircase for a residential building where the floor-to-floor height is 3.3 meters and the area offered is 2.5 meters x 4.5 meters.


Mainly, for residential buildings, we undertake riser and the tread of every step is 150 mm and 225 mm.

Dimensions of Stair hall:

I = 2.5 m x 4.5 m

Height of Floor = 3.3 m

Total No. of flights = 2


Height of one flight = 3.3/2 = 1.65 m.


Rise = 150mm &

Tread = 225 mm

So, Number of risers = 1650/150 =11.

Number of treads = 11-1 = 10.

Stair adopting width = 1.2 m

The length required for 10 treads = 10 x 0.0225 = 2.25 m.

Width of landing = (4.5-2.25)/2 = 1.125 m.

Advantages of dog legged staircase:

The dog legged stairs has the following advantages as follows:

1. Efficient use of space:

This type of staircase allows for a more compact stair arrangement that covers much less area than a straight ladder.

2. Privacy:

If you want to separate one floor from another for any reason, these stairs are most suitable for users as these stairs provide enough privacy because the top floor cannot be seen and vice versa.

Disadvantages of dog legged staircase:

This staircase has the following disadvantages as follows:

1. This type of stairs is not easy to construct.

2. The handrails on these stairs require careful planning.

Also read: Parts of stairs, Stair Stringer & Principles of Planning


This staircase is called dog legged staircase because the slope of the steps is much like the dog foot.

Hello, I'm Rahul Patil founder of, I had studied B.E. Civil. This blog provides authentic information regarding civil structures, equipment, materials, tests & much more.

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